If you are having a surgery, chances are that you will have some form of anesthesia administered to you in order to keep you from feeling pain or discomfort during the procedure. Anesthesia is a medical treatment that prevents patients from feeling pain during surgery. Some patients may choose to undergo a procedure without it and others mostly do. Here is the medical terminology of the different types of anesthesia and the procedures it is commonly used on.
Types of Anesthesia:
Local anesthesia is applied to certain areas of the body to temporarily stop the sense of pain in a particular area of the body. They are commonly used in dentistry, also in eye surgeries in the removal of cataracts; warts and moles. It can be given by injection to the specific area or absorb into the skin. It is mostly given to patients who are undergoing minor surgeries.
Regional anesthesia is divided between spinal anesthesia and epidural anesthesia. It is used to numb only the portion of the body that will receive the surgical procedure. It affects large parts of the body such as the arms, legs and regions below the waist. For example, regional anesthesia is used for hand and joint surgeries, cases when patients are experiencing difficult childbirths and is commonly administered during C-section deliveries.
Spinal anesthesia is used for lower abdominal, pelvic, rectal, or lower extremity surgeries. This type of anesthesia is often administered in orthopedic procedures of the lower extremities. It is given through injecting a single dose of the anesthetic medicine into the area that surrounds the spinal cord. The injection is made into the lower back, below the end of the spinal cord to numb in the lower body.
Epidural anesthesia is similar to a spinal anesthetic in that it is mostly used for surgery of the lower limbs and specifically during difficult childbirths. It is administered by continuously infusing an anesthetic medicine through a thin catheter or hollow tube. The catheter is placed into the area that surrounds the spinal cord in the lower back in order to make the lower back numb. Epidural anesthesia can also be used for chest or abdominal surgeries. This procedure has to do with the anesthetic medicine being injected at a higher location in the back to numb the chest and abdominal areas.
The final form of anesthesia is called general anesthesia. It can be administered in various ways. It is given through an intravenous (IV) line or inhaled through a breathing mask or tube. A breathing tube may be inserted into the windpipe in order to maintain proper breathing of the patient during a surgery. Because of the heavy medication, patients who are given general anesthesia must be monitored after the competition of the surgery.
Please consult Dr. Fausto Viterbo regarding the procedure and choice of anesthesia. www.faustoviterbo.com